Bangladesh emerged as an independent and sovereign country in 1971 following a nine month war of liberation. It is one of the largest deltas of the world with a total area of 147,570 sq. km. With a unique communal harmony, Bangladesh has a population of about 152.51 million, making it one of the densely populated countries of the world. The majority (over 88%) of the people are Muslim. Over 98% of the people speak in Bangla. English, however, is widely spoken. The country is covered with a network of rivers and canals forming a maze of interconnecting channels. Being an active partner, Bangladesh plays vital role in the international and regional forum, particularly in the UN, Commonwealth and South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

General information

Official NameThe People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Political systemParliamentary democracy
Capital nameDhaka
Time zoneGMT + 6 hours
Major citiesDhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal, Rangpur
Principal riversPadma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Teesta, Surma,Karnaphuli.
(total 310 rivers including tributaries)
Principal industriesReady made garments, pharmaceuticals, cements, garment accessories, chemicals, fertilizers, newsprint, leather and leather goods, paper, sugar, jute, ship building
Principal exportsReadymade garments, frozen foods (shrimps), leather, leather products, jute, jute products, tea, ceramic, textile fabrics, home textile, chemical product, light engineering products including bi-cycle.

Climate & Geograply

LocationBetween 200 34′ and 260 38′ north latitude and between 880 01′
and 920 41′ east longitude
Boundary North, West and East: India
South East: Myanmar (Burma)
South : Bay of Bengal
Area56,977 sq. miles or 147,570 sq. km.
Territorial water 12 nautical miles
Main seasonsSummer (March-May), rainy season (June-September) and winter (December-February)
Natural resourcesNatural gas, coal, lime, white clay, granite, glass sand.
Climate variations
SeasonTemperatureRainfallRelative humidity
Pre monsoon32.60C min - 22.40C max453 mm74%
Monsoon31.50C min - 25.50C max 1,733 mm86%
Post monsoon30.50C min - 21.40C max210 mm80%
Winter26.50C min - 13.90C max 44 mm 73%
Annual30.40C min - 21.20C max203 mm78%
Source: Statistical Pocket Book Bangladesh-2010,


GDP total US$314.66 Billion (FY 2018-19)
GDP per capitaUS$1,888 (FY 2018-19)
GDP growth rate (%) 8.13% (FY 2018-19)
Total exportsUS$40.53 billion (FY 2018-19)
Total importsUS$55.44 billion (FY 2018–19)
Total FDIUS$3 Billion (FY 2018)
Foreign ReserveUS$32.90 billion (July 2019)