Menu

Bangladesh at a Glance

Bangladesh at a glance
Bangladesh emerged as an independent and sovereign country in 1971 following a nine month war of liberation. It is one of the largest deltas of the world with a total area of 147,570 sq. km. With a unique communal harmony, Bangladesh has a population of about 152.51 million, making it one of the densely populated countries of the world. The majority (over 88%) of the people are Muslim. Over 98% of the people speak in Bangla. English, however, is widely spoken. The country is covered with a network of rivers and canals forming a maze of interconnecting channels. Being an active partner, Bangladesh plays vital role in the international and regional forum, particularly in the UN, Commonwealth and South Asian Association of Regional Cooperation (SAARC).

GENERAL INFORMATION

GENERAL INFORMATION

Official NameThe People’s Republic of Bangladesh
Political systemParliamentary democracy
Capital nameDhaka
Time zoneGMT + 6 hours
Major citiesDhaka, Chittagong, Khulna, Rajshahi, Sylhet, Barisal, Rangpur
Principal riversPadma, Meghna, Jamuna, Brahmaputra, Teesta, Surma,Karnaphuli.
(total 310 rivers including tributaries)
Principal industriesReady made garments, pharmaceuticals, cements, garment accessories, chemicals, fertilizers, newsprint, leather and leather goods, paper, sugar, jute, ship building
Principal exportsReadymade garments, frozen foods (shrimps), leather, leather products, jute, jute products, tea, ceramic, textile fabrics, home textile, chemical product, light engineering products including bi-cycle.

Geography

Geography

Location : Between 200 34′ and 260 38′ north latitude and between 880 01′
and 920 41′ east longitude
Boundary : North, West and East: India
South East: Myanmar(Burma)
South : Bay of Bengal
Area : 56,977 sq. miles or 147,570 sq. km.
Territorial water : 12 nautical miles
Main seasons : Summer (March-May), rainy season (June-September) and winter (December-February)
Climate variations :
Season Temperature Rainfall Relative humidity
maximum minimum
Pre monsoon 32.60C 22.40C 453 mm 74%
Monsoon 31.50C 25.50C 1,733 mm 86%
Post monsoon 30.50C 21.40C 210 mm 80%
Winter 26.50C 13.90C 44 mm 73%
Annual 30.40C 21.20C 203 mm 78%
Principal seasonal crops and fruits : Paddy, jute, wheat, tobacco, pulses, oil seeds, spices, vegetables, jack-fruit, banana, mango, coconut, pineapple etc.
Natural resources : Natural gas, coal, lime, white clay, granite, glass sand.

Source:
Statistical Pocket Book Bangladesh-2010, www.bbs.gov.bd
map

Economy

Overview 
GDP total$112.00 bn (at current prices 2011-12)
GDP per capita$772 (at current prices 2011-12)
GDP growth rate (%)6.32 (at constant prices 2011-12)
Total exports$24.287 bn (2011-12)
Total imports$35.44 bn (2011-12)
Total FDI$1.136 bn (2011), $462.77 m (Jan-June,2012)
Forex reserves$12.35 bn (Nov, 2012)
CurrencyBDT (1 BDT=$0.0121) (avg 2011-12)